According to recent studies by scientists, water on the martian surface is leaking from the red planet’s atmosphere due to changing seasons and storms.
Valleys and dried-up riverbeds on the planet Mars indicate that the planet has had a flow of water in the past. On the red planet, which is considered unsuitable for living conditions today, it is still possible to find less water as a result of the researches. The study, conducted by Anna Fedorova and Jean-Yves Chaufray, brings light to where this water goes and how it passes through the atmosphere.
The waters on the martian surface evaporate into space
Anna Fedorova, a researcher at the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and Jean-Yves Chaufray, a French scientist at Laboratoire Atmospheres Observation Spatiales, demonstrated a striking work. Using data from the European Space Agency, the team revealed the proportion of water that has been disappearing from the planet for millions of years and the source of the leak.
Fedorova stated that there is much to be said about how Mars loses its water, and discussed data from ExoMars’ SPICAM devices, which observe the Martian atmosphere with teammate Chaufray. Russian scientist found that water vapor in the atmosphere; For more than eight years, he said, they have studied an unexplored region at an altitude of up to 100 kilometers. It added that data corresponding to about 15 world years were being investigated.
According to the researchers, mars is 400 million kilometers apart when it is the furthest from the Sun. During this period, water vapor in the Martian atmosphere was discovered about 60 kilometers from the planet’s surface. When the two planets were closest to each other, there was a distance of 333 million kilometers; The water was seen about 60 miles from the surface, the report said.
The closer Mars and the Sun get to each other, the higher the rate at which water on the planet evaporates due to the temperature. In the warmer seasons, steam, which can reach more distant distances in the atmosphere, also indicates the time when the red planet suffered the most dehydration.
“The water on the martian surface may have been transported underground”
In addition to the report examining the waters that evaporate from the Martian atmosphere and seep into space, the researchers also investigated the amount of water the planet loses over 4 billion years. At this time, it is not known how this study is doing, but no concrete information has been given.
But French researcher Chaufray said he once believed there was a significant amount of water on the red planet. Since not all of this evaporates into space, he said, water is transported underground or the amount of evaporation in the past is much higher.