The study, conducted by scientists from Ohio State University, found 15,000-year-old virus species on Tibetan glaciers that had never been discovered by humans before.
Scientists working on glaciers in Tibet have discovered viruses that are about 15,000 years old that were previously unknown to humans. It was stated that the viruses survived for this long because they were frozen.
Of the 33 viruses found on Tibetan glaciers in 2015, 28 are among previously undiscovered virus species, according to research published July 20, 2021, in the journal Microbiome. Viruses found on Guliya glaciers were observed nesting in plants or organisms living in the soil, rather than animals and humans.
“These are viruses that can develop in extreme environments,” Matthew Sullivan, a researcher at Ohio State University, said of the findings. Viruses have gene traits that help them infect cells in cold environments and allow them to survive extreme cold.”
According to the researchers, this study could make a major contribution to the scientific world in understanding how viruses have evolved over the centuries and help understand how viruses respond to issues such as climate change.